But if we take into account, first, the negations of possibility and necessity, and second, the negations of questions and wishes, it seems that not only negated expressions change, but the way to negate as well. Anzelm dowodzi istnienia Boga przy pomocy nihil. I argue also that the self that Borges tries to present in his work may nevertheless not be always congruent with the self he may have wanted to convey.
This is because his quest is influenced by a number of factors, not least the fact It addresses not only their content but also their form, suggesting a mutually stimulating relationship between the two as based both on a negative-dialectical approach and an inverse-theological trajectory. Metaphysics has done everything to involve God in the world of being.
However, in case of considering Reality as being and nothingness , naturally, the metaphysical approach toward the idea of God is losing its grounds. If Reality is being and nothingness , so the idea of God, too, should concern nothingness as well as being. This essay in the comparative metaphysic of nothingness begins by pondering why Leibniz thought of the converse question as the preeminent one. The concept of non-being and its permutations of In this paper, What Sartre perceives is an absential location, only the boundaries of which are circumscribed by what Sartre is doing at that place: meeting Pierre.
I explain how this Sartrean view, though not specifically attributable to Sartre, nonetheless honours some of the phenomenological data described, if a little opaquely, in Being and Nothingness. For him, religion, like the whole of reality, is inherently developing and evolving. What Nishitani offers is a rethinking He argues that Western religion, particularly Christianity and Judaism, has succumbed to the modern predicament of nihilism, or relative nothingness.
For both Whitehead and Nishitani, despite the distortion of religion by religious fundamentalists, genuine religion consolidates and points a society towards its real destiny.
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Damit wird nicht die Dialektik, und insbesondere nicht die Dialektik des Anfangs, preisgege- ben. Er versucht dies zu kaschieren. Der Unterschied der ersten Kategorien Sein und Nichts ist aus der unbestimmten During the s in works like the Contributions to Philosophy, he began to search for the direct experience, rather than the mere knowledge, of existential power. I characterize such feelings as post-Lutheran. Luther taught his followers to feel the presence of an existentially creative God within themselves. After the Enlightenment and despite the rise of secularism, the desire Heidegger rejected the idea of God as the foundation of existence, which he called an ontotheology, but he retained the desire to experience the coming-to-be of existence as an inner activity.
He tells us that nothingness always remains central to Being, which is what distinguishes Being from mere beings.
Luthierie, The Art of Building Classical Guitars
The latter belong only to what has come-to-be; what Heidegger wanted to experience, not intellectually but as an inner feeling, was the power of coming-to-be. In short, Heidegger sought the inner experience of coming into being from nothingness. Jean-Paul Sartre is rarely discussed in the philosophy of religion.
Is his idea of being the same as that of Heidegger?
This short essay attempts to find a solution to the From Leibniz to Krauss philosophers and scientists have raised the question as to why there is something rather than nothing. Why-questions request a type of explanation and this is often thought to include a deductive component. With classical logic in the background only trivial answers are forthcoming. With free logics in the background, be they of the negative, positive or neutral variety, only question-begging answers are to be expected.
The same conclusion is reached for the modal version of the Question, The conclusion is reached that deductive explanations are question-begging, whether one works with classical logic or positive or negative free logic. I also look skeptically at the prospects of giving causal-counterfactual or probabilistic answers to the Question, although the discussion of the options is less comprehensive and the conclusions are more tentative.
The meta-question, viz. We will also indicate some of the sources of his notion from the Eastern and the Western traditions. Becoming is a process in which a thing moves from one state to another. In Section 1, the study will elaborate on the discussion of the Aristotelian causes taken broadly, primarily focusing on the relation between efficient and final causes.
Based on the ideas established in these sections, the study attempts to present an initial Scotistic view of becoming. Heidegger and Sartre developed the projects of their fundamental ontologies within the framework of the phenomenological approach. The traditional view of reality is based on dualistic oppositions of ideal and material, spirit and body, reality and possibility, and visibility and essence. Seeing of emptiness and mystical experience — the case of Madhyamaka: The problem of Buddhist religiosity is one of the most classic problems of Buddhist studies.
A particular version of this issue is the search for mystical experience in Buddhism. This is due to the conviction that mystical experience is the essence of religious experience itself. The discovery of such an alleged experience fuels comparative speculations between Buddhism and the philosophical and religious traditions of the Mediterranean area. Madhyamaka is the Buddhist tradition which many researchers saw as the fulfillment of such mystical aspirations in Buddhism.
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In this context, abuse is specific forms of Whenever debt is itself money, this money becomes a self-inflating debt principal by already being its own interest. Hence modern inflation, deflation, and eventual monetary crises. Yet why does money become debt? The concept of representational monetary identity answers to precisely this question.
In Section IV, I critically However, it has not been fully appreciated. Sartre offers three ontological dimensions to embodiment. I shall suggest that Sartre offers more discussion on intercorporeality than Merleau-Ponty.
As a result of our innate nothingness —which I defend linguistically, via the structuralist concept of the arbitrary nature of the linguistic Rather, we are constantly redefining and free to redefine our being, which is never fixed. These remarks take up the reflexive problematics of Being and Nothingness and related texts from a metalogical perspective. Surprisingly, the dialectic of mathematical logic from its inception In Bezug auf Descartes sieht man sich als Postcartesianer jetzt in der Rolle, das sog.
Ich habe Die methodenkritische Untersuchung disqualifiziert materialistisch-reduktionistischer bzw. Authentic understanding is realizing what my existence means for me, but not in isolation from others. But whether this focused authentic understanding will always lead to a "fuller and richer form of participation" in public life as suggested by Guignon may be questioned. If I now understand what I do when I become absorbed in the busy-ness of the they-mode of existence, shouldn't I stand back and consider whether all these ways of being involved are equally important?
By transforming the theoretical understanding of possibilities into the authentic understanding of my own possibilities, isn't there a desirable process of self-limitation which should reflect itself in my practical life? Heidegger's blanket appeal to resoluteness seems merely to require me to hand myself over to what has already been handed over to me. Is this another form of Nietzsche's arnorfati?
Does resoluteness merely allow me to willfully affirm everything that happens to me? The voluntarism implicit in the idea of resoluteness does not necessarily express itself in activism and certainly not, as Heidegger's own political applications of it in the s indicate, into a generally acceptable mode of practice.
It is this embarrassing shortcoming that may have led Heidegger to reconceive authenticity in terms of Gelassenheit or a release from will. But as Michael Zimmerman points out, "the differences between the voluntarism of early Heidegger and the 'letting be' of later Heidegger. Prizing our ontological rootedness in the world, Heidegger dismisses the spectator perspective of Kant's aesthetics.
But there is a price to be paid for Heidegger's authentic engagement in the world.
It does not leave room for the reflective distance necessary for judging our situation and critically assessing it. Heidegger's distrust of judgment is evident already in his draft 75 Makkreel: From Authentic Interpretation to Authentic Disclosure "Phenomenologische Interpretationen zur Aristoteles Anzeige der hermeneutischen Situation " where he examines the three ways in which Aristotle's nous can be explicated: 1 by sophia, which he translates as eigentliches Verstehen authentic understanding ; 2 by phronesis, which he equates with Umsicht or circumspection; and 3 by epistime or bestimmendes Verstehen determinant understanding.
Qua mode of insight, sophia or authentic understanding is superior to epistimi or determinant understanding because it is receptive and prejudgmental. Kant's determinant judgments "subsume" particulars under already accepted universals. His reflective judgments proceed in the opposite direction, i. Kant's determinant judgments are scientific and derive from a pure transcendental ego that stands apart from the world—it could be called the view from nowhere. As in the case of aesthetic judgments, reflection cannot be separated from the life and feelings of individual subjects.
Given the kinship of reflective judgments with phronesis and their interpretive status, there is no reason for Heidegger to be critical of that kind of judgment.